A different brain fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is an intriguing disease and its causes are unknown. A recent study shows that patients who suffer have a different brain structure.

The Fibromyalgia Syndrome is characterized by chronic widespread pain and symptoms such as severe fatigue, restless sleep and cognitive disorders. This condition affects a lot of people estimated between 2% and 4% of the population, mostly women, and yet still the cause is unknown what causes it . Many scientists have focused on how the nervous system of these patients is trying to explain why this chronic pain and other problems such as difficulties with concentration , so frequent in patients.

A recent publication of Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2016) reviewed studies conducted between 2000 and 2015 about how the brain in patients with fibromyalgia. HaiCun Shi and colleagues examined the results of the brain images of a total of 180 patients compared to 126 healthy people of similar age and gender.

The results of the meta-analysis conducted by the authors seem unquestionable and point to the idea that fibromyalgia patients have a different brain . Specifically it was found that one of the clearest findings was a lower density of the gray matter areas of the medial / cingulate prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulate and also various areas of the hippocampus . On the other hand, they were found significant increases in cerebral gray matter in the left side of the cerebellum .

 After 15 years of research, these data could help explain the fact that these patients encounter problems in their ability to concentrate or resist the interference from distractors when they are carrying out activities like reading, cooking or talks. The interesting thing from these findings will study how to help those affected, for example by analyzing the role of cognitive skills training . Hopefully all these investigations and efforts serve to promote a higher quality of life of people suffering from fibromyalgia.

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